A Brief Explanation of Fear & Phobia
This is an emotional response to a threat. It is a basic survival mechanism occurring in response to a specific stimulus, such as pain or the threat of danger. Fear should not be confused with anxiety as this usually occurs without any external threat
This is an intense reaction or irrational reaction to something or some situation. The sufferer will; experience feelings that appear to be completely out of their control. The sufferer will actively ensure that they never allow themselves to be in any situation that could cause phobic reaction.
Specific phobias can be categorised and I have listed four:
- Animal Phobias
Spiders, Snakes, Dogs, Cats etc.
- Natural Environment
Heights, Fire, Water, Thunderstorms and the dark.
- Blood / Injury /Needles
Injections, the sight of blood, dentistry, surgical operations, or other invasive medical procedures.
Flying, lifts, driving, tunnels, bridges, enclosed spaces (Claustrophobia), or being sick.
Top 10 Common phobias
The fear of spiders.
This phobia tends to affect women more than men.
The fear of snakes.
Often attributed to evolutionary causes, personal experiences, or cultural influences.
The fear of heights.
This fear can lead to anxiety attacks and avoidance of high places.
The fear of situations in which escape is difficult.
This may include crowded areas, open spaces, or situations that are likely to trigger a panic attack. People will begin avoiding these trigger events, sometimes to the point that they cease leaving their home.
Approximately one third of people with panic disorder develop agoraphobia.
The fear of dogs.
This phobia is often associated with specific personal experiences, such as being bitten by a dog during childhood.
The fear of thunder and lightening.
Also known as Brontophobia, Tonitrophobia, or Ceraunophobia.
The fear of injections.
Like many phobias, this fear often goes untreated because people avoid the triggering object and situation.
- Social Phobias
The fear of social situations.
In many cases, these phobias can become so severe that people avoid events, places, and people that are likely to trigger an anxiety attack.
The fear of flying.
Often treated using exposure therapy, in which the client is gradually and progressively introduced to flying.
The fear of germs or dirt.
May be related to obsessive-compulsive disorder.