In addition to the tried and tested NLP goal-setting techniques, the field of sport has some additional distinctions around goal-setting. These are often classified as ‘Outcome’ goals, ‘Performance’ goals and ‘Process’ goals.

 Outcome Goals:

What you really want, the purpose, the end goal

 Performance Goals:

The performance you’d need to achieve to give you a realistic chance of achieving your outcome goal. 

Process Goals: 

The more detailed processes you would need to do, or improve on, in order to achieve the performance goal.


 Outcome Goal

 Performance Goal

 Process Goals


: : 9.73 seconds: Mens 2012 Olympic 100 metre gold medal¨

Run 9.95 seconds in training at least 3 times per week at least 40 weeks per year¨

Sprint start – drive arms 10% faster¨




Knees 2 inches higher after 20 metres 








– Specific as possible

– Simple as possibleM

– Measurable, so that you know when you’ve gotten it! 

What will you see/hear/feel when you have it?

– More than one way to achieve outcome

– Meaningful to youA

– As if now ie write the goals in the present tense

(eg 31/12/08 – I have scored 20 goals this year

 and earned 5 full caps.)

– Achievable – make it a stretch, but not impossibleR

– Responsible – make sure it’s in line with your values

and those of other people involved. (The

more it’s in line with, or at least not against,others,   the less resistance there will be).

Right for you? Is it worth the effort, time and 

money? Is it in keeping with you sense of self?

 Does it increase choice?

– Retains the positive by-products (if any) of existing situation

– Realistic – use your own definition of realistic, but watch for selling yourself shortT

– Towards – state the goal towards what you want,

rather than away from what you don’t want

– Timed – set a time frame by when it shall be